E-mobility – A critical review on the growing need for EVs in countries across the world

Due to carbon-based emissions and greenhouse gases (GHGs) released through transportation, the globe is experiencing climate change and its drastic effects on human health. With typical combustion systems, the huge volume of traffic has negative effects on the environment.

A significant step in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from road transportation is the adoption of alternative fuel cars. One of the environmentally friendly options for transportation could be EVs. Several nations have pledged to adopt renewable energy sources in order to decrease carbon dioxide emissions, local emissions, and petroleum product usage. Greenhouse gas emissions from electric vehicles (EVs) have been found to be reduced. EVs have the potential to replace traditional internal combustion engines (ICEs) and drive changes in the transportation and energy industries.

The EV is a greener alternative to conventional automobiles because it doesn’t emit any exhaust emissions and lessens air pollution from burning gasoline. Three sections make up the EV design concept. Advanced technology to boost EV performance, design adoption, and EV-friendly car industry practices are the first three. To maintain temperature variations that happen during charging and discharging, the majority of EVs incorporate thermal management systems. Both passive and active cooling systems can be found in buildings in colder areas. The majority of governments are encouraging the use of electric vehicles by providing financial incentives including subsidies on the purchase, toll tax exemptions, and local regulatory benefits for EV owners.

To encourage more people to utilize e-mobility, governments are concentrating on EV charging infrastructures. Despite the benefits of adopting EVs, such as reducing air pollution, dependence on petroleum imports, and traffic congestion, the stakeholders are unmotivated to adopt EVs because of the costs and investment risks. Since consumers cannot inspect or test drive EV cars to make a selection, the lack of variety in EV models is further suppressing the buying intention. Limited model availability, the high purchase price compared to conventional models, a short driving range, subpar battery performance, and a shortage of charging stations are further factors deterring consumers from adopting EVs. These are just a few because most nations continue to use conventional vehicles, which degrades the environment.

Even while earlier studies have talked about EVs, they haven’t given a thorough analysis of those that have been successful. Therefore, multi-dimensional analysis is required for EVs in order to maximize safe and dependable transportation services while minimizing the need for energy and petroleum-based fuels.

Author : Swastika Jha

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